- numerals
**numerals**In general, numerals are used in more factual or statistical contexts and words are used (especially with numbers under a hundred) in more descriptive material:*I have lived in the same house for twelve years*/*The survey covers a period of 12 years*. Words are used in idiomatic expressions such as*I must have told you a hundred times*/*Thousands of people swarmed through the gates*. Separate objects, animals, ships, persons, etc., are not units of measurement unless they are treated statistically:*The peasant had only four cows*/*A farm with 40 head of cattle*. With numerals consisting of four or more figures, commas should be used to divide off the thousands, e.g.*3,096*/*10,731*. In specifying ranges of numbers, use the least number of figures possible, e.g.*13–14*/*31–4*/*1923–6*. But dates bc should be written in full:*432–431**bc*(since*432–31**bc*and*432–1**bc**represent different ranges*). More detailed information will be found in*Hart's Rules for Compositors and Readers*.

*Modern English usage.
2014.*

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